Class Notes (839,147)
Canada (511,218)
History (567)
HIS261H5 (26)
Lecture

feb 5.docx

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS261H5
Professor
Richard White

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Recap BNA c. 1830 British territory, increasing number of Scottish & Irish were involved in farming viable, agricultural communities got established. Fishery communities & settlement continued to grow slowly, the lumber industry got established in the Atlantic colonies, created into a ship building, hand tools used to build ships, ships carried logs, industry of their own and transport industry. In these years early decades world renowned as successful shipping colony that carried goods all around the world, some point in this era, well known for their speed, one famous ship the blue nose, on our dime, iconic image of nova scotia’s shipping. Names and political boundaries took th shape, St.Johns island now formally changed to PEI, early 19 century colonies established and distinguished from American colonies. Possibility of NS becoming one of the 14 colonies that rebelled and separated, by 30/40s from 1830s. largest colony was Canada, loyalist migration, English Canada was followed by influx of American settlers, confirmed boundary. Lower Canada remained heart of Canada, headquarter of gov + majority of population, growing prosperity, profitable commercial agriculture and logging. Immigration coming upper and lower quebec was a main arrival for all immigrants, due to the water route. Shallow near Quebec, sea port for centuries. Population growth from immigration didn’t go into the senural lands, went into eastern townships and else where. Rupert’s Land. Boundary was open, territory under authority of Hudsons bay.. key points: creation of USA, had to go to the north west, went further north and west,most of the posts in the area, some settlement beginning in present day Winnipeg, some pressure competing, Took refuge in - Pacific Coast: 1790s, Canadian traders accessed pacific coast, american traders came up, Lousiana purchase: mapped it on the American government, Canadians coming down, british claiming from seea.. several interest converging on this territory. Canadians and americans who first began setting up formal post, jointly occupied it, Canadians coming out of Montreal but their british, because Canadians are British in those days, what happened is the British and Americans agreed their would be joint occupation, 1818: 49 parallel Canada and America barrier, 1846, 20years this area was jointly occupied, half british half American, early on Americans concentreated their settlement in the area, 1846 Boils down: by 1820/30s another element to british north America, hard to know what to call it, pacific north west, british Columbia because this territory is often called the british territory, and british name stuck. - three concluding points: 1) British, clearly territory, under british authority, trade even in Ruperts land, was going directly to Britain, BC was existed, trade connections with Britain and Athletic colonies and Canada, beginning of Immigration to 1818. Not just a question of authority. 2) British, but different from social/economic basis. BC economy was tied to America, significant settlement to California, easier to trade than to go inland, close connections to those developing north west. Ruperts land fur trade: close relationship with bay and natives, no fur trade in Canada or communication between Canada and rupers land, quite different in social makeup.. 3) lack of communication among them. Atlantic colonies 4 canada sort of 2, ruperts land, and BC.. these four or five places are not communicated with eachother, lack of communication and trade to connection to canaa. NS and NFLD look to sea, communicate with Britain, didn’t trade inland to Canada. Atlantic colonies had no way of communication. Boils down to four or 5 of routes to canadas region. a) brutishness b) differences.. than lead to idea of regions of Canada. Uniqueness of Canada NS was different from Canada.. c) non communication/absence of communication tht doesn’t lead to regions, Canada 1 1830s largest most populist, overwhelming in dominance in BNA. Those that no confederation occurred in 1867, why the name Canada was used for new country, dominant country of them all. Name of one colony used for big country not coincidece - dominant colony - Upper Canada: pioneer society: most visible place where the growth happening was upper Canada, more farm land, produce every year, more suddle society. Most were disperse around the country side, towns developed where the merchants set up, sold to customers around, Towns and farms being established. Pioneer: huge amount of physical work, live for future, chop down barns etc, sacrifice that goes on from present to the next, few formal institution unless you physically build them. Family cooperation, all farmers from 20miles come together to build one families barn. No labor, all settlers would achieve something collectively. Try to establish a farm to get out of the pioneer society, romatic appearance from affar, but everyone was trying to get out of it. less strict social hierarchy, people who came from England from backwards of Canada, shocked by this. If your servant saved up money he could buy his own land, shocking to the English, freedom servants would speak to you by your first name. money & class were not irrelevant. Pioneer risky society, without doctor near by, if you injuryed you would die. Very little to fall back on without social institutions that we have create, removed the risk of life. Lots of examples of the old world society coming over to pioneer. - Lower Canada: growth and change: preindustry being changed, lots of English speaking people, not much effecting sunerial arreas, lots of enligs speaking people, working in forest industry, done on the fringes, significant number of Irish immigrants, social division in lumber camps. Many remained to work in the port.hall the goods around, put it on the ship unload the ship and lots of jobs growing ports of Quebec. Eventually 1812: 20% English speaking, Quebec city 40% English speaking. Change agriculture: prosperious, after the conquest, wheat decline. Productivity of the farms went way down, the soil may have been exhausted, intensity of cropping increased, fields being processed quickly instead of going sour..infestation, records of production, wheat declined.population growing, society was changing and becoming more complex. Many not roman catholic, wage labors working for cash, merchants importing goods and selling goods, and more professionals. As society modernized, this one area they were established in. different from upper Canada which was going from scratch - Rebelions of 1837: political rebeliions of fall in upper/lower Canada -Duhram Report
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