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HIS261H5 (26)

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Richard White

January 21, 2013 New France Continuous warfare between the colonies, England vs. France at war, the smaller colonies in NA would have battles. Peace treaties would also occur, example would be Louisiana would be transferred from French to Spanish etc, Swedish & Dutch colonies would become part of British colonies, became part of Baltimore Acadia: Chaplain and Damal went to the Bay of Fundy and set a small settlement, although a few people did survive, what happened was after the 1620s, “New Scotland” now part of present day NS, was briefly claimed as British territory, prompted some settlers in this area, 1630s some small colonies, 1660s was British claimed, but eventually went back to French control. French area refers to Acadia, no borders but refers to largest settlement in Bay of Fundy. 1630s,40s, etc small French settlement developing in the shore, by 1700s the population was 1500 at these various places. Because it was out of the way, the French authority was minimum, when the French monarch made the decree in 1663 to make the province of New France a part of france, it didn’t pay attention to Acadia, the authorities didn’t pay much attention, back & forth French control felt it was half English, didn’t know if it would have the remaining authority under it forever. It also had close relations with New England colonies to the south, trading informally and close relationship with Native people & communicated with them. There was French words used in Acadia that had “Mic Mac” connections (native). No commercial fishing, Acadians more agricultural, pay attention to the land, the Bay of Fundy: highest tides in the world, Authorities were weak, how legitimate was it when you characterize “Acadia” -Western territory: expanded fur trade into the west, could hire men, get canoons in the spring and paddle, southwest and to north west, knowledge of geography in the territory was limited to the waters they travelled, result was expanded increase in trade goods, more furs coming in, Montreal became the middle ground of the fur trade. Almost no settlement throughout this area, just the trading networks, those who lived there was temporary, employees of business venture.. the forts became part of this territorial claim of the French, served as military and economic importance, the ports had a catholic missionary at them, convert them at it.. age of exploration. KasKasia< small settlement, unusual kind of society, wouldn’t live there forever, they were not conquered by the incoming fur trade. Sought the permission of the native people to enter, traded equally, and carried on business, didn’t conquer. Principle of first nation, independence of north America. Semi permanent marriage: custom of a country unions emerged a new race of people, children were half native half European. Bi cultural and bi-lingual : Origins of the Metis: half European half bi-lingual: clear sense of themselves as a distinct people, foot in both cultures. Critical part of fur trade, present day Wisconsin, English Colonies Colonies living conditions were flourishing, -NWFD : British fishiry was beginning to establish, fishery large money making business, built their own faculities, their whole way of living, small number of women, didn’t want them to be there. Fur trade vs. fishery: based on explotaition of natural resource for European market & this reminds us that commercial enterprise is at the heart of the founding of Canada, business history is not what historians pay attention to. Both had business connections with Europe, neither prompted major settlement, no significant degree of it. Societies were similar employees turnover few women, fur trade was clearly based in Canada, sold their products in Europe, but they were centered in Europe, fishery was based in India. Fur trade was collaborating with aboriginals, fishery had nothing. Resource was in the sea, -Hudson Bay: first contact was made, 1660s b
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