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Lecture 5

HIS261 LECTURE 5 February 4th.docx

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Richard White

HIS261 LECTURE 5 February 4 , 2013 Recap: BNA c. 1830 - Pacific coast - Three concluding points Canada - Dominant colony - Upper Canada: pioneer society - Lower Canada: growth and change - Rebellions of 1837 - Durham report United Canada - Responsible government - Continuing growth - New values Test – choose 3 out of the 4. - taken quotes from the textbook – explain them Recap:1830 - British North America – modern day Canada o Left over from what Americans’ didn’t want in 1783 – after American revolution o This territory taking shape is British o Increasing number of them were Irish and Scottish o Most settlers who came were farming, growing season was short but it was still viable if not prosperous o Fishing in newfoundland o Lumbar industry in Atlantic colonies – fed the ship building industry in new Brunswick in 20s, 30s, 40s o Ship also used to carry logs – as exports – dual purpose, so a industry of their own and also a transport industry which also began to develop o Nova scotia – became a successful shipping colony – had good ships and carried goods all around the world form British empire – also well known for this speed – multiple sales that could travel very fast – very famous known as blue knows – iconic image still there – reconstructed in the 1920s, 1930s. o Political boundaries – St. Johns Island (prince Edward island) formerly changed now. Cape island part of Nova Scotia. Boundary with united states – separating new Brunswick o Early 19the century – colonies well established and distinguished - Images from book: Logging in northern New Brunswick. - Most largest and populous colony was CANADA o English Canada had been hatched – rapid influx of American settlers, war of 1812 confirmed boundary between them. o Lower Canada – heart of Canada – headquarters of Canada, growing prosperous place, agriculture, commercial, logging, and lots of population. Immigration coming to both lower and upper.  Québec was the major portal arrival for immigrants – since Cartier’s time – major sea port  Population growth – did not go into sensorial land, instead went to eastern townships and elsewhere o Ruperts land (Hudson bay, fur trading company) – boundary used to be open to north west company – now its differ – not really ruperts land o Fur trade went further north and west (not south as of American revolution). o Most ports were o Settlement beginning in present day Winnipeg (siniboin and red river)- competing – settlement beginning there – both metis o Fort Garry hotel o The ambulation – furs did not go out through Montréal any more – as they went out through the bay o Pacific coast  Explored by Spanish, Russians fur traders– travelled through water  Late 18 century – until anything formal occurred – captain james cute – took regue in one of these island – nute casound (inland) – in 1779 – encountered native people just like cartier did 100 years ago – but obviously they knew of indigenous people- but the interaction was the same  Captain Vancouver chartered the area closely in 1790s and claimed it  Penetrated by both American and Canadian traders in 1790s – montreal fur trade company is still on – both of them are accessing the area  1803 – acquired it (louisana purchase) and then began to explore it  several interests converging on this territory by 1800s  British through the sea  Canadians (who were basically British) and American’s jointly occupied it th  1818 – territory = 49 parallel confirmed between canada and usa (the prairies) but the mountains were not marked – so they decided to joint occupancy  1846 – this ended  americans on the Columbia river while British on the Hudson bay company (no longer connected to montreal) – built a new post on Vancouver island on 1843 called victoria – so cleared that the 49 parallel would be extended to the mountains which it did in 1846  by 1820s, 1830s – another element of British north America – British Columbia (Columbia territory as Columbia river ran through it) informally known 3 things to conclude: 1) It was British territory – under its authority – trade. BC forming. Ruperts land still existed. Beginning of Immigration after 1815 to Canada and colonies. Not a question of authortity – but it is a rbtiish colony all across 2) Though all were British – they were different economically and social basis. BC based more on America – significant settlement to trade with California – close connection to it. In ruperts land – fur to the bay, to the natives, no fur trade in Canada. No communication between ruperts land and Canada. UNIQUESNESS, REGIONS OF CANADA FORMED. 3) Lack of com
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