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Jordana Wright

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Nationalism in Southeast Asia March1011 914 AM Part one nationalism and anticolonialism in Southeast AsiaWhat is nationalism yo Nationalism implies the existence of a nationthat people might think of themselves as part of a nation rather than a subject to the King or part of a religion for example o Common language geographical aspects same region borders etc ethnicity religion culture are potential bonds that can unite people together in identification with a particular nationNationalism in Southeast Asia yo The effects of colonial rule imperialismDesire for independence and experience of being ruled can drive a ycountry to want to be selfruledBorders created by imperialism help draw the line between different countries yFor example the idea of Indonesia as an entity distinguished from other regions are a product of ImperialismDesire to control their own economy During Imperialism economy was ystructured to benefit the Mother country rather than the colony fuelling desire to be in control of economy to benefit colony insteadExperience of racial discrimination under imperial rule divisions between ycolonial cities the way in which Southeast Asians were banned from positions of power etc contributes to formation of nationalist movementsPolicy of colonial powers to try to train administrative leaders within the ycountry may have helped educate future nationalist leaders o Nationalism and communismCommunism as an antiimperialist ideologyCommunist thinkers saw the ymovement to overthrow capitalism as the same as overthrowing imperialism They advocated the usurpation of imperialists in Southeast Asia and established a statecontrolled establishmento Nationalism and religionSoutheast Asians looking for alternate values and religions advocated by yImperialists turn to spiritual authorities For example in Burma the Young Mens Buddhist Association was one of the earliest nationalist movements The values of Burmese people were being disrespected by Colonialists for example Colonialists refused to remove their shoes before entering the temples which prompted riots and mass protestso Mass protest movementsPeasant uprisings occurred sporadically throughout the region and led by yprovincial elites or welleducated influential lowermiddle class citizens They are generally local and obtain support from rural groupsProvoked by tax disputes yNationalism in Southeast Asia continuedy o Foreign influencesChinay
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