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Lecture

His284H5-Lec 10 A new global world

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Department
History
Course
HIS284H5
Professor
Sherry Fukuzawa
Semester
Fall

Description
- Tokugawa - Helped as bases for closing the gap with west - WW2 - No more war? No employment especially with expulsion of the military. 1 - 8mil from war troups and 11.3mil from outside of the country 2 - No more zabatsu...but a lot of agriculture (18 mil) 3 - Output of coal dropped since koreans and japanese stopped being exploited 4 - No more rice from korea so jobless ppl jumped to agriculture and coal 5 - Inflation...no more military payments, military goods ect - How did scap deal with problems? 1 - Japanese diet (parliment) americans pulled strings 2 - Demilitarization 3 - Gives up on using military forever-(article 9) 4 - Military production boosted economy...and demilitarization lead to economic miracle - breaking up zabatsu; taking away military both physically and mentally (sony ect) - Semi feudal between labour and management (thus no middle class) - Selling stock to public - Anti monopoly (no cartels/prohibited) - Decentralization (reduce in size of centralized power) NO LARGE POWER - Zabatsu introduced new markets...and force it to flourish because they were so dominant! - With the break up markets competition was firce and economic growth went up - Land reforms - Bought by government and redistribution to farmers-firm and complete break from feudal system (pull out root of tradition) - Land lords who owned good farm land...but weren't usually farmers so they rented... - Intice ppl to do work for themselves by giving them land, without exploitation - 5 years from 50-90% of cultivated land - Why was japan so complient? - Hungry ppl like what scap is doing - Japanese ppl are ashamed after the war...guilt - Afraid of the western - Japanese ppl were super motivated to modernize wanted to move forward - So land lords were not above farmers - Labour democrization (unions were alowed from 0-80%) - Caused by break up of zabatsu who could prevent proper labour and union - Trade union law (typical) - Allowed to strike - Establishes labour conditions - Improvement! - No firing (contract for life)to labour royalty (x, y, z work) - work until work is done (bushito-warrior tradition...sumerai of work) - Result...japan gets rich fast! - Cold war tensions 1 - Get japan up and going but we don't want to do this for long term 2 - Doge plan - Balance budget - Cut off Bank loans: loans for economic recovery - Abrivation...of something - Didn't work out that well - Entered recesion - But then...korean war happened and buisness went up by 70% - American Gis ocupying japan then korea - 590 mil to 800 mil - Raw material trade doubled because of - Innovation becomes japan's signiture - But still relient on western tech - Beginning of 50-60s hard work on parts of ppl - Japan has taken western tech and then improve it rapidly - Perfect the ideas and perfecting it and selling it back - Or combine many ideas and selling it back - Tech in japan contributed greatly to economy growth - Automobiles...to ships and then all sectors then boom - Major contender on almost all international markets - Political factors 1 - Growth efforts due to mainly by commitment of ppl but structure and planning were also important 2 - 2 policy makers - Yoshida docrine (created by prime minister-yoshida shiguru) father of japanese modern economy - Saving on military and leave it to US - Why not use scap and promote economic growth... - Defense money saved...awesome! All it's strengnth to economy - Also shaped international relations - Pacifistic deplomatic - Current prime minister says that he wants japan to go back to being a military power (very right wings) - Signals great shift to remilitarization - Income doubling plan - So doubling of average households - Where to get money for those investments? - From scap and increase forign trade - But japan is busy...and then pollution (they had to back away from income doubling scheme - MITI: was regarded as greates government - Boss of all growth - Gave guidance to industrys and types of companies they wanted to promote - Uneven economic playing feild in japan - Distributed new tech to companies they chose that promoted more growth - Unfairly handy caped growth in particular sectors - Overall result is still growth - Oil crises of 1983 1 - Inflation has gone up 2 - Economy went up after oil crises 3 - Key was the heavy export and low inport 4 - Trade surplus... - Most important factor 1 - Ability of ppl to take tech of forign countries and then combine and improve it 2 - The basic mentality of ppl were implemented even before war - Since 1947 article 9... 1 - There are US law reinforcment since then...
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