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HIS330H5 (8)
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Sept 19th.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga

Active citizen bourgeois analysis through Marxism class conflict what he sees is the rise of active citizen associating the active citizenry with the middle class bourgeois revolution Economy in colonial terms land ownersmerchant classes not feudal its an economy characterized by trading with other Latin Americans a rise of middle class people how this ththeconomy is integrated Method Atlantic Revolution 18 19 century first French revolution American Revolution revolts against tyranny political revolutions and also industrial revolutions movement from people from agricultural society into an industrial one He writes about this book about progress Nationalism will characterize Latin America breaking away from the king and creating their own independent nations Active citizen is developing like a nationalist economy Mexican Independence internalexternal factors that bring calls for independence th18 century late age of revolution American independence 1776 1789 French 1791 Haiti Countries in LA is aware whats going on in the world why are they discontent Bourbon Reforms are why they are discontent rdthCarlos 3the Bourdon Reforms 18 centuryAge of ReasonRationality and efficiency applied to the government enlighten principles to government based on RE Merchant Marine created Monarchy starts talking about efficiency in government Enlightenment absolutism scientific principles to government no democracy government whether or not the people like it its on scientific method Aim to raise revenue mining Cochineal Chocolate sale taxespulque Alienate the active citizen because they had to raise taxes to raise revenue from the bourbons their king Internal factors enlightment programs to raise revenuethExternal Factors ideological change political development in Spain in early 19 century Napoleon and his army are going around Europe spreading nationalism take over most of Europe Napoleon army isnt fighting necessarily out of feudal obligation but for their sense of national pride because their French see themselves as a distinct unit Spread ideas of thnationalism through Europe putting ideas into peoples headKing of Spain Fernado the 7 is the king 1808 Napoleon took the throne took his relative Joseph on the throne The nobles and the thmiddle class rise up and Napoleon is not the legit ruler fernado the 7 is call a representative body togetherCortez like a parliament just Spanish nobels in Spain LA doesnt represent interest of the LA just Spain cadizmeets in this city 18101812 write a constitution republican based on ideals of representative democracy human rights etc trying to make government responsible to the people1812 independence movements begin in LA not a unified movement by region
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