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HIS358H5 (8)
Lecture 3

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Richard White

Lecture 3 HIS358 - Recap o Welfare state  Failure of greenbook proposals because Mckenzie government didn’t want to do it  1950’s/1960’s  Not as extensive as other countries did o Reconstruction  Over by 1950  Roughly 1943-1949  Set of governmental programs and set of eutopian mindset  Effects multitude of government programs that weren’t called “reconstruction”  Transit commission – decided to build subway for the future  Part of reconstruction mindset  Future oriented  Influenced private/public decisions  Foundation on which post-Canada was built  Contained a confident and interventionalist government, as well as the public faith in government (government did good job of running war), acceptance of the government, dose of Eutopianism, a burgeoning nationalism, productive/expanding industrial economy, faith in technology  Refers to the transition o Conservatism  Desire not to change – keep things as they are  Erked by people that are adopting the new way  Why adopt the new way when the old way works fine?  Will eventually change, but have to be convinced that it’s worth the change  Conservative challenge to the welfare state  Believed that the family should be responsible for welfare o But as soon as the state enters this, the family will no longer be in charge  People who believe that religious institutions should be responsible for social good – were opposed to welfare state  Conservatives weren’t trying to turn the clock back, identifies recognition of individuals and individualism was a very modern idea  Claims that these opponents of welfare state were modern in their view, so could not be characterized as old-fashion  Posits modernist-conservative consensus: group of people within there is a consensus, were conservative in their view of welfare state (modern, but opposed to welfare state)  Main source was their belief in individualism - Canada-US Relations  1920’s  Increasing trade/business connections  Trade b/w Canada/US expanded (started occurring during the war)  Percentage of trade that went to the US increased o Percentage going to Britain/Europe declined  Showed that Martial plan was not the only thing that mattered o Economic  1948 – free-trade agreement was introduced and cancelled by Mackenzie government  Iron-ore company of Canada (American company whose job was to mine Canadian iron-ore to provide resources for American steel mills) – 1949, continued through 1950’s  1950-1957 – US-direct investment in Canada increased from 3.6 to 8.3 billion  Didn’t stop there  Defence-production sharing agreement: 1958  Allowed manufacturers to sell products to American military Lecture 3 HIS358 o Manufacture products in Canada and export to US as a part of the military o Military  Cold War was the key  Intense international stillmate o Economists lock on one side and Western democracy on the other  Prompted NATO  Canada joined in 1949  1949 – Communist revolution in China  1959 – invasion in South Korea from North Korea with Russian support  Korean War  As soon as invasion occur  US sent troops to attempt to re-establish border  Canada joined United Nations force that went and served Korea  Southern Korea – not communist part? Northern was?  Lasted for 3 years  Significant military involvement for Canada  Border was eventually redrawn  Heightened fears of the Cold War  US was protector of Canada (grew closely)  1954 – Canada permitted US to put radar in Canadian territo
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