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HIS395H5 (31)
Lecture

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Department
History
Course
HIS395H5
Professor
Richard White
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 5  Population since 1920 hasn't grown in Toronto o Changes from events called industrialization o City evolved in 19th century Mississauga  Name of city comes from natives (Mississauga tribe)  1787 Toronto purchase, refinement in 1805 (?) treaty, moved further west and Mississauga tribe o Returned right to use either side of river and land given to British was 5 miles east river o Dundas St. cut into what it is today => pre-dated land surrender in 1805  Early years virtually all of Ontario surveyed by British and was agricultural o Still live with consequences of that survey o 100 chains -> 66 ft.  Made concession, line made and roads built -> called concession roads o In urban areas concession roads now named (in Toronto Bloor was the first) o Southern Ontario still lined with these o Have Lines (5th line, 6th line etc) which vary in size people started settling in as soon as natives surrendered land o Most of them were American (war of 1812 etc.) -> came in with Frontier skills o Population grew enough that 1818 government wanted more land  Area below lake ____ surveyed 1818 (north of Eglington) -> south area surveyed in 1805  Mouth of credit natives had cabin which they used to hunt (that’s why they didn't give water sides)  After 2nd land handover, sold all their river reserve land in return for 200 acres of land Methodist became quite active in Iroquois in 17… and observed problems Mississauga having and  decided to help o Peter James  Assisted them and set mission and arranged for government to assist in making log houses  Was informal so was carefully monitored  1836 270(?) long houses built in reserve  Only lasted 1 generation b/c pressure from neighboring villages and though assistance from government to land (near Iroquois)  Became culturally mixed with Iroquois and settled in Iroquois territory  Village communities began to take shape )i.e. Streetsville, Port Credit etc.)  Key crop: wheat, Southern Ontario's main crop, very profitable  1859s lumber declining as source  1850s railway came through and had impact on society o Trunk -> went north to Brampton, making it substantial place  Port Credit also had railway  Suffered b/c grain traders though better to sent to north and P.C lost growth/grain business b/c of larger railway  1860s more established society, created investment in land o Shift away from grains to farming o Mixed farming became big part of economy and grain not as popular so most mills (if n
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