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Lecture 5

LIN229H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Markedness, Metalinguistic Awareness, EpenthesisPremium

3 pages18 viewsSpring 2018

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Ivan Chow

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Lecture 5 Second language acquisition
-There are some conditions where young children may have a problem with their nervous
system, that they're not able to acquire language
-Poverty of the stimulus; you have very little formal input but somehow you manage to acquire
the grammar of your language perfectly
-Interlanguage grammar; it's neither of the first or second language, it's a combination of the two
to create a new grammar
-Positive/negative transfer: characteristics of L1 carry into the IL grammar
+ = aids you in the acquisition of the L2
-Communicative competency: are you able to communicate with competence as you need to?
The ability to use language in an appropriate social context or situation
Organizational competence: grammatical or textual competence
Pragmatic competence; illocutionary or sociolinguistic competence
-Cognitive revolution
-A lot of people thought that language acquisition was more like behaviour, like the example of
Pavlov's dogs
-Research wants to know how the second language grammar develops
-Tabula rasa means clean/blank slate
How do you come up with building blocks for the organization of language if we start with
absolutely nothing?
-We have this mental grammar that's innate in us; this allows us to acquire language as
-Noam Chomsky talked about the idea of grammar and that language is innate
-The idea behind UG (universal grammar) is that the rules behind language is that it's not
necessarily hard wired
-For example; our word order in English is Subject Verb Object, whereas in Japanese it
would be Subject Object Verb
-The first language is acquired completely without error
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