LIN486H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Intercultural Communication, Intercultural Competence, Communicative Competence
Interpersonal communication: form of communication between a number of individuals (verbal or non-verbal) at a personal level, usually face-to-face. Intercultural communication: interpersonal communication between individuals or groups who have been socialized in different environments, often involving a second language. Cross-cultural communication: compares and contrasts native discourse and communication behaviors between different cultures (i. e. politeness norms or conflict negotiation meetings), note: this is different from intercultural communication; in this case they are observed in their native cultures. Intercultural competence: the ability to interact appropriately in one"s own language with people of different backgrounds. Intercultural communicative competence: the ability of second language speakers to mediate between different cultures. Microculture: nonverbal communicative cues (e. g. shrugging, nodding). Structuralism/functionalism: these views approach culture as an unchanging variable within a community. Interactional sociolinguistics: studies language in direct interactions and assumes language is used to maintain, develop, alter, and define social relationships. Interpretive approaches: examines intercultural conversations, analysing the way sentences are put together to form texts.