POL111H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Limited Government, Representative Democracy, Liberal Democracy

76 views2 pages
20 Jul 2016
School
Course
Professor
POL111: September 15, 2015- Lecture 2
FIRSTLY, the beginning of class introduced the essay topics and outlined ways in which each
topic should be approached. Important information on formatting was also noted, this is all
available under the “Essay” section on blackboard.
SECONDLY, the reminder of class focused on the topic of liberal democracies in terms of
defining their nature and important features.
An important distinction:
A lowercase “l” is used when referring to liberal ideology and an uppercase “L” is used when
referring to the Liberal political party. Similarly, a lowercase “c” is used when referring to
conservative ideology and an uppercase “C” is used when referring to the Conservative party.
A bit about liberal democracy:
-It combines the ideology of liberalism
-Advocates for individual freedom and limited government
-Focuses on the concept that power can easily be abused and in turn seeks to put limits on
what the government can do.
-It is based on the rule of law, these laws are established to once again limit government.
-It is not the only form of democracy
-Liberal democracies are are representative democracies, meaning that they elect politicians to
debate and govern. This is an indirect democracy.
-Liberal democracy is accepted by a larger scope of people than just the Liberal party. Many
parties support the idea of a liberal democracy.
-Canada is a liberal democracy
-Liberal democracies are similar within different countries
Civil Society: Refers to the voluntary groups and organizations that are not controlled by the
state. This helps promote the concepts of freedom and putting power in the individual.
What are the values of liberal democracy?
-Free elections -Freedom of speech
-Independent judiciary -Popular sovereignty
-Legal equality -Right of accused to accuser in court
-Religious tolerance
How did liberal democracy develop?
-Liberal democratic values developed in England before other European countries. This is where
Canada got them from.
Main Features of Liberal Democracy
1-Free and fair elections
-This includes having procedures that ensure politicians have the right to compete and citizens
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class