No single right way: much depends on value judgements (many alternatives ways to have one"s elections conducted, apparently minor arrangements may have. Substantial implications (2000 us election where bush and al. Gore were running against each other and the voting system was flawed and many votes were not taken into consideration- if bush had lost then it could have made substantial implications to us): rules are not neutral. ===> no rule changes are neutral (favor one type of person/group/process over another: may be substantial difference between. Who currently has or does not have the vote. Process with potentially huge and undemocratic . Two sets of concerns: size (i. e. population) of ridings: (separate pg) Until 60s/70s, controlled by government party (still. Parties would try to maximize their boundaries, to benefit their parties (so they would win certain districts) (redraw boundaries in their favor) Level the playing field or establish barriers to.