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Lecture

Lecture3.docx


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL113H5
Professor
Mark Lippincott

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Traditional Liberalism
The most important measurement in liberalism is the individual.
Traditions have stood the test of time and they are the foundation for today’s decisions. As a result they
should not be ignored. They provide a sense of stability for citizens.
View on nature: It’s about the individual and their ability to reason.
Most importantly the focus is on the right bearing individual. These include rights to liberty, freedom,
property and self-preservation.
Locke comes on the heels of Hobbes. So while Hobbes believes people are naturally evil, Locke believes
they aren’t. Locke says money, and market is natural. That it precedes the government. However he says
that a government is necessary in order to counteract the negatives of the market.
Hobbes vs Locke
Traditional Conservative
Edmund Burke
View on nature: The individual is not nearly as rational as the liberal view believes.
He comes from a traditional conservative view point. He is a member of British parliament.
He argued that the French revolutions virtues of freedom and liberty, is not how most of society lives.
He said that it would not do well because it would deconstruct the way life has traditionally been lived.
Nostalgia is a political tool.
We do not have the right to destroy what we did not make, but instead the responsibility to preserve it
for the next generation.
“The more things change, the more things stay the same” Political idea to conceal change, and play on
people’s nostalgia. Make people think things are still the same.
Burke thinks that what we need to do is restrain, control and regulate the new so that it does not
overturn tradition.
Preserve as much of the past as possible, because it is the past that will control the more vicious
ambitions of today’s time.
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