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Lecture 6

POL113H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Wage Labour, Proletariat, Free Education


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL113H5
Professor
Mark Lippincot
Lecture
6

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Aim of communists
Focus on common interest of all workers, not the interests of any single national movement
Formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political
power by the proletariat
Viewpoints:
Response to communist is destroying the groundwork of all personal freedom, activity, and
independence
Wage labor is not the property of the laborer, it only creates capital, which is based on class
antagonism
o Capital is a social product, it exists b/c of social system, thus it is social power
Eliminate private property does not change private to public, it is modifying its already inherent
social character
o Proletariat is dependent on capitalists because of wage labor, proletariat does not have
property because the wage is used for their necessities
Capital should be directed toward the enrichment of the laborer’s life, not just allowing the
bourgeois to accumulate wealth
o Abolition of private property=abolition of bourgeoisie property
It is based on unequal distribution
Communism doesn’t prevent people from owning property, they prevent the bourgeoisie from
subjugating others in the process of taking and owning property
o Response to “communist society would make everyone lazy”
Those who work does not acquire anything, those who do not work acquire things
o Response to communism destroy all intellectual products
Disappearance of “class culture” is not equal to “all culture”
o Response to “communism destroys the family”
Modern family based on capital and private gain, stop exploitation of children by their parents
Free children from the control of the ruling class; education transform children into items of
commerce, instruments of production
o Response to “communists destroy countries
Already happening because bourgeois expand free trade
Antagonism between countries vanish when class antagonism fades away
Outline of communism:
1) Abolition of private property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes
2) Heavy progressive or graduated income tax
3) Abolition of the rights of inheritance
4) Confiscation of the property of emigrants and rebels
5) Centralization of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State
6) Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into
cultivation of wastelands, and the improvement of the soil generally accordance with a common
plan
7) Centralization of credit in the hands of the State, by means of national bank with State capital and
an exclusive monopoly
8) Equal liability of all to work. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture
9) Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of the distinction
between town and country, by a more equitable distribution of the population over the country
10) Free education for all children in public schools. Abolition of childrens factory labor in its
present form. Combination of education with industrial production, etc.
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