Locke two treatises (1690) (possibly written earlier) Restoration of the monarchy under charles ii (r. 1660-1685) Assumption of the crown by the catholic james ii (r. 1685-1688) Glorious revolution coronation of william and mary (1688) Born to a puritan family; father was a country lawyer and captain in the. Physician and secretary of sir anthony ashley cooper, 1st earl of. Shaftsbury, leader of the whig opposition to charles ii. Due to his involvement in whig politics, locke is forced flee england 1675- Wants to make natural law theory consistent with new science. Start with a state of nature in which there is no government. Conceive of government as founded on an agreement or contract of free and equal individuals. Social contract theory can lead to diverse theories of government: Locke"s first treatise: a refutation of sir robert filmer. God granted absolute dominion over all the earth to adam and over all of his children.