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Lecture 5

POL114H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Nuclear Option, Gerrymandering, Universal Suffrage


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL114H5
Professor
Lee Ann Fujii
Lecture
5

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Democratic State
Last Week:
Scott
- How states administer
- Legiilit
This week:
What kind of states are there?
- Authoritarian
- Semi-authoritarian
- Electoral authoritarian
- Autocratic
- Democratic
What akes a state Deorati?
Possible ways to define democracy
- Wealth
o Yes: US, Saudi Arabia, UAE
o No: Poland Somaliland
- Level of development
o Russia, China
o No: India, Costa Rica
- Elected executive
o Yes: Russia, US
o No: Canada, UK
- Competitive parties
o Yes: Canada, UK, France
o NO: Japan, Mexico
- Regular elections
o Yes: Canada, France, US
o But also: Russia, S. Africa under apartheid
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- Universal suffrage
o Yes: US, France
o NO: US before 1965, Lichtenstein before 1984
Defiig deoray presets sae prole as defiig the “tate
Let’s opare two deorati states
Canadian vs. US government system
Canadian System
- Parliamentary system
o Fusion of powers
o Executive named by ruling party or coalition
- Many parties
- Single member district
o Whoever wins most votes in one riding becomes the representative of that district
- Universal suffrage
o People can vote IN prison in Canada
US System:
- Presidential System
o Separation of powers
o Executive elected through popular vote
- Two parties
- Single member district
- Universal suffrage* (After 1965)
- Electoral college
Comparing democracies
- Which country is more democratic?
- “hitter & Karl’s aser
o US and Canada are differently democratic
“hitter & Karl’s defiitio:
Modern political democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their
actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of
their elected representatives
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