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Lecture 6

POL114H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Liberal Democracy, Authoritarianism, Berlin Wall


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL114H5
Professor
Lee Ann Fujii
Lecture
6

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On#paper#it#looks#like#you’re#a#democracy,#but#you're#not.#Ie.#Russia
Schedler:#Authoritarianism's#Last#Line#of#Defence
Collapse#of#USSR#coincided#with#an#impressive#expansion#of#democracy#
(electoral)#in#E.#Europe#and#Africa
However,#we#are#witnessing#the#rise#of#multiparty#elections#without#democracy,#
known#as,#electoral#authoritarianism#regimes.#These#are#regimes#which#conduct#
regular#multiparty#elections#but#violate#basic#democratic#standards#in#various#
ways
Liberal#democracy#rests#upon#a#configuration#of#institutions#such#as:#
constitutional#government#individual#rights#and#liberties,#the#rule#of#law,#checks#
and#balances,#representative#legislatures,#popular#elections,#civil#society,#an#
independent#media,#etc.#
Battle#to#establish#representative#institutions#in#form
(1)
Render#them#effective#in#practice
(2)
The#fall#of#the#Berlin#Wall#saw#many#governments#implement#liberal# democratic#
institutions,#yet#their#rulers#maintain#substantial#control#Qspecializing#
manipulation,#not#repression.
May#be#manipulated#by#disempowerment#limiting#the#roles#of#what#
can#be#done#
i.
Control#of#key#agents#make#manipulation#easier
ii.
Fragmentation#can#be#used#to#impede#lawmakers#behaviours#
iii.
Legislature
(1)
Disempowerment Qcan#place#formal#constraints#on#the#power#of#
the#courts,#can#enforce#inconvenient#rulings
i.
Control#agency/independence#by#appointments
ii.
Insulating#rulers#from#the#court#decisions#by#building#supportive#
networks#of#judges
iii.
Judiciary
(2)
Can#remove#sensitive#policy#areas#from#elected#official's#portfolios
i.
Can#limit#choices#available#to#votes#or#disenfranchise#many#ii.
Can#intimate/bribe#votersiii.
Election#fraudiv.
Elections#
(3)
Restrict#private#control#over#media#and#distribution#of#informationi.
Can#restrict#media#contentii.
Restrict#consumption#of#available#media#iii.
Media(4)
Major#means#of#manipulation#are#
Adopt#hierarchical#organization#to#prevent#the#emergence#of#autonomous#
civil#society
(1)
Keep#citizens#demobilized#in#private#sphere(2)
Adopt#a#strategy#of#divide#and#conquer#(sow#division)(3)
Civil#Society
Set#up#parallel# institutions#of#surveillance(1)
Control#hierarchy#of#promotions(2)
"Repressive#institutions#make#lovely#window#dressing#in#an#
authoritarian#regime"
However,#prolonged#and#overt#repression#ay#lead#to#a#democratic#
revolution#
Rulers#in#the#capital#acts#as#a#"neutral"#arbitrator#between#rival#fractions(3)
Local#Government
McCargo:#Getting#Away#w.#Authoritarianism
Hun#Sun#slide#Qon#my#phone
Charismatic#leader,#got#rid#of#khmer#Rouge#
Loses#election#in#1933#Qbut#then#manipulates#ppl#and#gets#back#into#
power#
Tutorial)5)+Electoral)Authoritarianism
Sunday,#October#11,#2015
10:33#PM
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