POL114H5 Lecture 2: Jan. 15, 2015 What is a “state?”

89 views2 pages
2 Feb 2016
School
Course
Professor
Tayyaba Shahzad POL114 Jan. 15, 2015
Lecture 2: What is a “state?”
Readings:
1. http://www.petermaass.com/articles/the_accidental_warlord/
2. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/02/world/asia/cambodia-bids-farewell-to-king-
sihanouk.html?_r=0
3. Drakulic chap 9 (pdf)
4. Weber vocation pages 1-4 (pdf)
Opinion:
Anyone can have an opinion about something.
There is no logic, no evidence and no analysis.
Argument:
Prior knowledge needed.
Weighing evidence (pros, cons)
Requires logical analysis.
Defining “State”
Number of members (population) Facebook, China and India would be states but not
Canada.
Size of economy, size of territory?
Criteria that includes and excludes (try to make a distinction)
Symbolic criteria: issue own passports, use own currency, issue stamps?
What’s wrong with criteria?
There’s too much criteria
We cannot distinguish between Facebook and twitter
Therefore State:
Cannot be defined by “ends”
Can only be defined by “means” (the way in which it governs)
Weber’s definition of State
*A human community that successfully claims monopoly of the legitimate use of physical
force within a given territory.
It is created to govern a certain area (societies, clubs, and associations)
Weber says that only states have the right to use physical force.
Ex. Texas execution, death penalty
State regulates movement (Americans can’t go to Cuba)
Mafia (street gangs) are considered rivals, we call them criminals not a state because they are not
legitimate. States eliminate rivals
Use of force examples:
Don’t pay your taxes, don’t go to school etc, then government comes after you.
Owning property property taxes, mortgage they protect your property but they can also
take it away if you don’t pay taxes.
Driver’s license can be suspended.
*State is always operating with the idea of using force.
Within a given territory (Texas is the only state in the US that has death penalty and forbids
people from going to Mexico.
Is Somalia a state according to Weber’s definition?
NO, because there’s no single actor to claim monopoly. Monopoly means no rivals.
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class