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Lecture 5

POL114H5 Lecture 5: Schmitter & Karl’s

Political Science
Course Code
Lee Ann Fujii

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Thursday, October 8, 2015
Lecture 5
Schmitter & Karl’s
-Ways to Define Democracy
-places can be very democratic but these things might excludes certain countries
levels of development
elected executive
competitive parties for votes
regular elections
universal suffrage
Weberian state + elections (deny actions by majority of the population)
-Compare Democratic States
-has a parliamentary system
has fusion of powers
executive is named by the ruling party
-have many parties
-single member district (representative in each section)
-universal suffrage (everyone can vote)
-presidential system
like the inverse of the parliament
separation of power
executive elected through popular vote
-two party system (independent and together)
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Thursday, October 8, 2015
-single member district
-universal suffrage (limits to who can vote)
age requirement
comparing democracies
schmitter &Karl’s answer
differently democratic
different system of governing
those differences in the governing structure, the way people are elected are
vastly different
-Schmitter & Karl’s Definition
-modern political democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held
accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting in directly
through the competition and cooperation of their elected representatives (p.76)
-foreign aid began having conditions
-countries who has democracy depended on these aids
-rulers = head of state, president
“someone who is charged with making decisions, has authority, has a authority
by a competitive electoral process, set of rules where he/she is held accountable
for his actions”
-public realm = decisions which the government is involved in (public vs private)
“decisions, ideas, procedures, rules can be discussed, debated without going to
jail openly, publicly”
-citizens = label status that not everyone has the legal status to be a citizens
“set apart from democracy and not democracy, only democracies have citizens,
citizens are a type of person who has rights which cannot be taken away by the
ruler, state, police. These rights vary by state.”
-representatives = people who compete
“people, professionals, appointee. These people are elected.”
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