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Lecture 12

POL114H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Little Rock, Arkansas, Medgar Evers, Lunch Counter

Political Science
Course Code
Lee Ann Fujii

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This week:
What explains social movements and Civil Rights movement specifically?
1) Important events during civil rights movement:
a. Montgomery Bus Boycott:Dec. 1 1955 to Dec. 20 1956 (Supreme court finds bus segregation
b. Integration of Central High, Little Rock, AR: Sept 1957
c. Lunch Counter Sit-in: Richmond VA, Feb. 22, 1960
d. Lunch Counter Sit-in: Jackson MS, May 28 1963
e. March on Washington (I have a dream): Aug 28, 1963
2) What do we observe?
A) Time and timing: long time span, during the day, timing affects many people’s entire lives,
building networks(in both black and white community) takes lots of time
B) Actors: Who? Ordinary people, state actors
How many? Many
C) Locations: black churches(safe and familiar)
D) Strategies and tactics: make the movements visible, non-violent civil disobedience
3) Anti-civil rights movement:
2.Segregationist Protest
3.Bombing of baptist church
4.Killing of Medger Evers
5.Killing of Freedom Riders
6.Assassination of John F Kennedy
7.Assassination of Martin Luther King
8.Assassination of Robert Kennedy
4) Video: Eyes on the Prize
* What do we observe from the video?
Protesters were willing to sacrifice their lives, well-being
Protesters withstood humiliation
High school students are recruited by protesters
Police did nothing to intervene to protect the protesters
Pro-segregationists use violence
5) Does civil rights movement meet the definition of social movement?
Collective political struggle?
Sustained over time?
Pursuit of shared goal?
Effect social change?
6) Movement characteristics:
Dynamic, not static:
Identities change:
Black maids, college students become political activists
White teachers and students become political activists
Interests change
Tactics change
Mobilizers fight for change
Counter-mobilizers fight to block change
Sides can fragment
7) Dynamic model:
Attribution of threats and opportunities:
Lynching of Emmett Till
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