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Lecture 8

POL114H5 Lecture 8: Tutorial 8- Huntington and Bowen’s Theories


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL114H5
Professor
Lee Ann Fujii
Lecture
8

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Wednesday, October 28, 2015
Tutorial Notes Week 8
Huntington and Bowen’s Theories
-Huntington’s Arguments
the fault lines for new conflicts will be cultural, not political or economic
according to Huntington, a civilization is a cultural entity
culture is defined by langue, religion, traditions, history and self-indentification
the highest cultural groupings, the broadest possible form of self-identification, is a
civilization
-Differences Between Civilizations are of Paramount Importance
argues that the real differences between civilizations have potential to omit violent conflicts
such differences are less mutable than economic and political differences
economic regionalism is rooted civilizational similarities
economic modernization can create destabilization, and religion fills in the void
the west is at the peak of power, yet other geographical regions have the desire to shape and
told the world in a non-western fashion
-What are the Causes of Ethnic and Religious Conflict
there are two dominant explanatory frameworks found in the literature on ethnic and
religious violence
Huntington and Bowen both agree that religious and ethnic violence exists and is a serious
problem
however, the authors disagree on the motivations driving such violence
-How does Bowen’s Analysis Differ?
bowen argues that the Huntington thesis is predicated on erroneous assumptions about
ethnicity
1. ethnic identities are ancient and unchanging
2. ethnic identities motivate individuals to repress and kill
3. ethnic diversity will inevitable lead to violence and conflict
-Ethnic Conflict is not about Ethnicity
ethnicity is the product of modern politics
people who participate in atrocities are not primarily motivated by ethnicity, but by
nationalism and politics
ethnic diversity is compatible with prosperity as well as violence and conflict
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