POL200Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Polis, Glaucon, Thrasymachus

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26 Oct 2016
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POL200 Lecture 7 Plato, Republic VII-X
The Form of the Good con’t
Philosopher must know the form of the good the greatest study
For those to rule the Polis more properly, they must know and see the
form of the good
Have to be educated to this level to see it and analyze it
Is required for philosophers for they teach about the truths
The Offspring of the Good Allegory of the Cave
The Role of Education
o Another offspring of the good allegory of the cave [another
way to look at it]
o Compare effect of education and lack of education on human
nature
o Everyone begins their lives chained in a position of ignorance
Lost Chained in a Position of Ignorance
o Socrates says all prisoner see is the shadow and not the the
objects casting the shadows
These chained individuals are a lot like us human beings
we fail to see the real thing
For them all they see is shadows truth of shadows.
Socrates says the shadows are only images of the real
thing
o To see that these are only images of the real thing, a prisoner
must turn away from the shadows escaping the cave is uneasy
o If you are in darkness and are exposed to the light, it becomes
difficult to see the light a prisoner would believe the shadows
are much more clearer
Being able to see the light to them is far worse then their
original state
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2
o After your eyes adjust to the light you can see clearly; being able
to see the real [metaphor]
o The objective is to exit the cave. To go beyond the Divided Line
The prisoner must leave the cave, moving from the world
of Becoming to the world of Being [moving upwards]
It will not be easy because the prisoner may not believe
what is outside the cave. He is forced to see what is
outside the cave
o The individual has the impulse to look downwards upon going
out beyond the cave, being exposed to the light
o The prisoner now sees reality, real animals, objects and not just
the cut-out/copy
The form of the good casts its light out on that which is real. Without
the sun you cannot see the object. Without the form of the good you
cannot see the good.
Human beings are more convinced that what we see [currently] is
true. Seeing the light/truth is discomforting, but by just letting
ourselves ADJUST to the light we may see reality/truth.
o Be forced to turn away from the cave/falseness
Education allows you to see truth One must turn their soul towards
the journey of truth, by seeing the light
o Socrates says education is turning our soul to the light, leading
us to the truth.
Truth has nothing to do with the shadows
One can only leave the cave with the MIND adjusting your life based
on thoughts
Plato is describing the conflict of the Polis and the Philosopher
between Socrates and Jurors of Athens
The Education of the Philosopher
Education for Plato is not filling our mind with information education
is not a content. It is the turning of ones soul to the light of knowledge
Education is painful discomforting because at first there is no clarity
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