POL218Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Mercantilism, General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade, American Recovery And Reinvestment Act Of 2009

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11 Feb 2016
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LECTURE 8
Slide: The Liberal Revolutions: United States and Party Politics
• Introduction
Origins of US as liberal fragment (Hartz)
he argued that the political culture of new countries (Canada,
Australia, etc) gets set at the point of history or fragment is
spun off from the mother country
One revolution (1776) or two (1861) (Moore)
whether this is a liberal --
Moore claims that it's not a real revolution bc nothing
fundamental changes
He claims that the real revolution happens in 1863
very contentious interpretation of US polictics
Role of the frontier in U.S economy and democracy (Turner)
emphasizes that the role the frontier plays in U.S societies and
politics
one of the intriguing questions: why is here no socialism in the
U.S? Why did it take until 2010 for it to have somewhat of a
health care program?
He argues that at the formative stage of socialism, americans had
the frontier as an outlet for discontent
A surplus of land provides a convenient outlet that might have
been --
Mercantile or laissez-faire nature of US state
We think its a weak state because the gov doesn't intervene in
the economy, but it's more complicated than that
Hamiltonian versus Jacksonian conception of the state
he supported a
U.S as a strong state externally and weak stye internally
Louis Hartz' Theory of Political Fragments
historical parties get realigned and
the modern republican party in american politics is the
Critical Junctures and electoral turning points
Revolution to the Constitution
Civil War and Reconstruction
Great Depression and the New Deal
Post-1968 and reorganization of parties
Red states/blue states- end of democratic hold on the south
Slide: The U.S
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Slide: The revolution and Constitution
It was a society that could be divided into : plantation owners and slaves in the
South
American society at the time of revolution
Plantation owners in south
Merchants artisans and small manufactures in north
Farmers in north and south
smaller scale farmers
Seven Years war was an expensive war for both parties
Revolutionary War
Committees of Correspondence and Committees of Safety
European Allies against British
internal civil war - 100,000 loyalist exiles
First Constitution - Articles of Confederation, 1783
Weak central government- all power to states
No taxes or army without consent of states
Constitutional Convention - 1787
Merchants and plantation owners perceived need for strong central
government
Drafted constitution and Bill of Rights (first 10 Amendments)
Slide: The Civil War and Reconstruction
American State to the Civil War
Conflict b/t Hamiltonian (mercantilist) and Jacksonian state
Promotion of manufacturing and merchant interests, central
bank
Jacksonian revolution in 1820s and 1830s
Elimination of the Bank of the United States
Prelude to Civil War and Wartime changes
Political compromise -- balance b.t northern and southern
states
Alliance b/t western farmers and eastern manufacturers
Conflict over admission of western states - Missouri,
Kansas/ Nebraska
Republication platform of 1860 - free land for tariff protection
Coalition between western and northern interests
Morrill Tariff, 1861 and Homestead Act, 1862
Limited nature of Emancipation Proclamation, 1863
Reconstruction and Aftermath
Radical Republicans - 13th, 14th and 15 Amendments
Failure of reconstruction of south - withdrawal of
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