POL250Y5 Lecture Notes - Perfluorooctanoic Acid, Chronic Kidney Disease, Phthalate
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POL250: TOXIC CHEMICALS
November 7th, 2012
- US election
US elections – more numbers
53% of women voted
o 55% of them voted for the president
10% of voters were Hispanic
o 71% of them voted for President (67% in 2008)
Exit poll top issues: economy, budget, foreign policy and health care
“pollution is now so pervasive that it’s become a marinade in which we all bathe everyday” (3)
“we have all become guinea pigs in a vast and uncontrolled experiment” (4)
“they wanted an explanation of cause and effect that, in many cases, we were unable to provide
because the studies hasn’t yet been done”(5)
“we are eating, drinking and soaking in tens of thousands of potentially toxic substances, most
of which we know little about. When all of these chemicals are combined together in out
drinking water, we know virtually nothing about how they interact with each other or our
bodies, and we know particularly little about how they affect developing brains and fetuses”
Why is it getting worse?
Pollution is worse in three ways:
1. Global (grasshopper effect) [taken in air and water and moves]
3. Chronic and long-term effects [asthma and air pollution]
Can we adapt?
Probably … up and to a point.
Ex. Older people can use cell phones and computers … but they have never realy been able to
adapt as quickly as necessary to keep up
Their Experiment … in junk science
What if people started finding out what was in them?
One rule: our efforts have to mimic real life
“whatever activities we undertook had to be run of the mill things that people do everyday” (6)
Pg. 30 – examples: eating lots of tuna for a few days
Look like clear vegetable oil
Good news” break down quickly in us & the environment
Code word: fragrance or Parfum
Examples? Body butter from the body shop. Herbal essences shampoo
Phthalates are in Plastics too…
Can you go two whole days without eating anything that had come in contact with plastic.
Turns out that it is hard.
So, what? Are you concerned?
Phthalates & the C word (cancer)
No, not climate change … CANCER
“I don’t think I’m the only person of my generation who’s looking around dumbfounded by how
many people they know with cancer, and asking themselves: where is this cancer cominf from?
Why do so many friends have cancer? Will I get cancer?” (59)
Who knows someone with cancer?
Who thinks (besides me) that they will get cancer in their life?
Who thinks this might be related to chemicals?
2008: G.W. Bush signed a bill to permanently prohibit the sale of children’s toys that contain
more than .1% of certain phthalates
Canada? YES – just in 2011 in 3 types of phthalates (DEHP, DBP, BBP) risk is to great, so we will
manage it. No more than 0.1% in soft vinyl of children toys and child care articles
Turns out, it is EVERYWHERE
o POP & Bioaccumaltive (stored in fatty tissue e.g. breast milk stored in fatty tissue stays
o What is the narrative here?
Science Panel findings?
o C8 Science Panel: http://www.c8science panel.org
o The Science Panel has delivered five Probable Link reports dealing with various health
outcomes to the Wood County Court on Monday, October 29, 2012.
o The Science Panel has concluded that there is a probable Link between C* (PFOA) and
diagnosed high cholesterol;
o And that there is not a Probable Link between C8 and diagnosed hypertension, coronary
artery disease, chronic kidney disease, liver disease, osteoarthritis or Parkinson’s disease
53% of women voted: 55% of them voted for the president. 10% of voters were hispanic: 71% of them voted for president (67% in 2008) Exit poll top issues: economy, budget, foreign policy and health care. Pollution is now so pervasive that it"s become a marinade in which we all bathe everyday (3) We have all become guinea pigs in a vast and uncontrolled experiment (4) They wanted an explanation of cause and effect that, in many cases, we were unable to provide because the studies hasn"t yet been done (5) We are eating, drinking and soaking in tens of thousands of potentially toxic substances, most of which we know little about. Pollution is worse in three ways: global (grasshopper effect) [taken in air and water and moves, chronic and long-term effects [asthma and air pollution] Probably up and to a point.