-the position BEFORE followed by the noun phrase
ex: In the box, because of Ian, regarding the house, since yesterday
-it signals a relation between a noun phrase and another phrase like NP, andADJP, or a VP
Difference between prepositions and adverbs
-many words that function as prepositions can function as adverbs as well.
*prepositions are always followed by their object (an NP) adverbs occur alone Verb particles
-many phrasal verbs formed through the combination of a verb particle.
Ex: Bob looked up the definition.
Mary turned in early.
Difference between prepositions and verb particles
1. Meaning-the particle and the verb from a unit of meaning, while the preposition forms a unit
of meaning with its object.
2. Mobility- if the phrasal verb takes an object (it is followed by an NP), the particle can be
moved to a position following the pronoun form of the object.
*Some verb particles are identical in form to adverbs. 2 ways to tell the difference between the two.
1.Omission: due to the fact that adverbs are usually optional in a sentence, while verb particles
never are. If the word can be omitted and the sentence still preserves its main meaning, then the
word is an adverb
2.Question: we can often ask a question about an adverbial modifier (where, when, why, how,
how many...etc) but we can never ask questions about particles.
Ex: ULTIMATE CHART!
Conjunction: conjoin grammatical structure
3 types of conjunctions
-something like and, but, or, yet, nor, or, so...etc.
-it join gramatical structures of similar form.