Class Notes (838,343)
Canada (510,861)
Linguistics (159)
LIN376H5 (3)
Lecture 12

LIN376H5 Lecture 12: eNotes
Premium

3 Pages
81 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN376H5
Professor
Troberg, M.
Semester
Winter

Description
LIN376 - e-Notes; Video Notes Holding the Latin Alphabet: ▪ G was the first to emerge ▪ Greek /g/ (which stood for /k/ and /g/) turned to C ▪ These two velar stops shared some features but only differed in one thing; voicing ▪ Carvilius created a new g which made the two be apart ▪ The 26 letters of Latin alphabet fitted into our english tongue but some of the letters have been craft ▪ The G, J, U, W, Y don’t have the ancient pedigree of the alphabet ▪ G was the first to emerge — it turned to latin C which stood both for the sound /k/ and /g/ ▪ The valiant k was going out of fashion ▪ These two velar stops share most of their features but they differentiate in terms of voicing — the /k/ is -voice and the /g/ is +voice ▪ Carvillius created a new g, which then set the C apart from the G ▪ Tilde I gave middle european languages a way to set j apart from i ▪ The first i was a j sound Are you curious about how we know the pronunciation of Ancient Latin? ▪ People say it’s a dead language and that they don’t know how to pronounce it ▪ However, we know a lot about the way the pronunciation of Classical Latin • There’s 18 volumes of Kyle, writing of Latin, written by the Romans • Much of this writing concerns pronunciation • Ballet also wrote about syntax, pronunciation, etc of Latin ▪ We also know some amount from transliterations of Latin into other languages and from inscriptions • For example, the Greeks translated from Romans to Greek and the Ancient Jews also transliterated Latin into Hebrew texts, so we have evidence from that as well ▪ Words change in meanings, but these sounds can be reconstructed by Latin poetry, as the length of the syllable is often affected by the length of the vowel ▪ The structure of Latin poetry is from the syllable length ▪ We may not have exact accents of an Ancient Roman, but we still have an idea of how to pronounce words in Latin ▪ We can and should approximate the Latin of educated speakers TEDx Talks — The Uncanny Science of Linguistic Reconstructions ▪ The reason Romance languages are called Romance languages, is because they look similar ▪ They’re all descended from the language of the Romans, mainly Latin ▪ All languages change over time and they develop dialects in different places ▪ Dialects develop into different languages • This is what happened with Italian, French and Spanish ▪ The language families are as follows: • Romance: Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian • Germanic: English, German, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian • Celtic: Irish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Breton • Slavic: Russian, Polish, Czech, Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian • Indic: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Romani • Iranian: Farsi, Pashto, Kurdish • Hellenic: Greek • Semitic: Arabic, Hebrew • Tibetan: Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan • Austronesian: Polynesian languages ▪ These are only some groupings that we can establish ▪ If we take these language families and a few others, we can see some similarities ▪ These languages must be descended from some ancestor language then, since there’s similarities between those languages • German is not the ancestor of English, they’re both descended from a common ancestor; the same way that Spanish and French are descended from a common ancestor • However, when we don’t know what the common ancestor was, because it wasn’t written down, then we give
More Less

Related notes for LIN376H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit