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Lecture 9

SPA100Y5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Preposition And Postposition, Undressed, Infinitive


Department
Language Studies
Course Code
SPA100Y5
Professor
Arturo Martinez
Lecture
9

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1) Reflexive constructions
a) Reflexive pronouns
- Used whenever the direct or indirect object is the same as the subject of the
sentence
- Except for se, the reflexive pronouns have the same forms as the direct and
indirect object pronouns
- They are placed in front of a conjugated verb or they may be attached to an
infinitive or to a present participle
Subjects
Reflexive pronouns
Yo
Me
Myself, to (for) myself
Te
Yourself, to (for) yourself (tú form)
Nosotros(as)
Nos
Ourselves, to (for) ourselves
Vosotros(as)
Os
Yourselves, to (for) yourselves (vosotros form)
Ud.
Yourself, to (for) yourself (Ud. form)
Uds.
Yourselves, to (for) yourselves (Uds. form)
Él
Se
Himself, to (for) himself
Ella
Herself, to (for) herself
Itself, to (for) itself
Ellos, ellas
Themselves, to (for) themselves
b) Reflexive verbs
Lavarse
To wash oneself
Yo me lavo
I wash
Tú te lavas
You wash
Ud., él, ella se lava
You, he, she washes
Nosotros(as) nos lavamos
We wash
Vosotros(as) os laváis
You wash
Uds., ellos, ellas se lavan
You, they wash
The following verbs are commonly used in reflexive constructions
Afeitarse
To shave
Cepillarse los dientes
To rush oe’s teeth
Despertarse (e:ie)
To wake up
Desvestirse (e:i)
To get undressed
Peinarse
To o oe’s hair
Preocuparse (por)
To worry (about)
Quejarse
To complain
Sentarse (e:ie)
To sit (down)
Sentirse (e:ie)
To feel (mood or physical condition)
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