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Lecture 18

PHL105Y5 Lecture 18: 05 Clarke's Cosmological Argument

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL105Y5
Professor
Bernard Katz
Semester
Fall

Description
DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY University of Toronto at Mississauga PHL105Y5Y: Introduction to Philosophy Clarke’s Cosmological Argument Part I. 1. Something now exists. 2. If something now exists, then if there was a time when nothing was in existence, then something was produced out of nothing. Therefore, 3. If there was a time when nothing was in existence, then something was produced out of nothing. [from 1 and 2, MP] 4. It is false that anything was produced out of nothing. Therefore, 5. There was no time when nothing was in existence; i.e., something or other has always existed. [from 3 and 4, MT] Part II. 6. If something or other has always existed, then either there is a self-existent being or there has been an infinite succession of dependent beings, produced from one another in endless progression, without any original cause at all. Therefore, 7. Either there is a self-existent being or there has been an infinite succession of dependent beings, produced from one another in endless progression, without any original cause at all. [from 5 and 6, MP] 8. If there has been an infinite progression of dependent beings, produced from one another in endless progression, without any original cause, then there would be no explanati on for its existence. 9. But there is a
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