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Lecture 22

PHL105Y5 Lecture 22: 07c The Evidential Problem of evil

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL105Y5
Professor
Bernard Katz
Semester
Fall

Description
—Religious/Existential Problem of Evil Why does God permit evil and suffering? —Logical Problem of Evil The existence of evil is logically inconsistent with the idea that there is a God who is omniscient, omnipotent, and wholly good. —Evidential Problem of Evil The existence of certain kinds of evil makes it unlikely that there is a God who is omniscient, omnipotent, and wholly good. Rowe, William L. 1979. "The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism," American Philosophical Quarterly 16: 335-41. Rowe’s formulation of the Evidential Problem of Evil 1. There exist instances of intense suffering which an omnipotent, omniscient being could have prevented without thereby losing some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. 2. An omniscient, wholly good being would prevent the occurrence of any intense suffering it could, unless it could not do so without thereby losing some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. Therefore, 3. There does not exist an omnipotent, omniscient, wholly good being. What is the evidence for Premise 1? 1. There exist instances of intense suffering which an omnipotent, omniscient being could have prevented without thereby losing some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. E1: the case of the fawn (Bambi) (P) No good state of af
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