PHL 145 : Arguments an introduction
How do arguments work?
• What do they do? What are they used for?
• What do they look like? How do we identify/isolate them?
• Under what conditions do objects that look like arguments accomplish the function that
arguments are supposed to accomplish (briefly : when are arguments good)
Why are we interested in how arguments work?
• Want to make good argument, want to be able to identify whether ppl are making good argument
Arguments used to provide reasons of some kind of claim
• Provide a reason to believe C – e.g. to someone who thinks C is false or is on the fence
(justificatory – directed at someone for purpose of persuading of truth of its conclusion)
• Provide explanation for why C – e.g. to someone who already thinks that C is true, but does not
understand why (explanatory)
• Normally supposed to cause its addressee to change her mind about its conclusion