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Sept 14.doc

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Bernard Katz

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PHL235 Sept 14 th Reasoning - argument: provides reasoning for thinking something is true o are neither true or false  ex. a number is blue… - statements are true or false, arguments simply consist of statements - the difference has to do with the degree of support the premises are supposed to provide for the conclusion In a deductive argument, the premises are offered as conclusive evidence for the conclusion. Jamaica is in the Caribbean, and it never snows anywhere in the Caribbean. Therefore, it doesn’t snow in Jamaica. - arguments are absolute as opposed to probable In inductive reasoning, the premises are supposed to provide strong, though not necessarily conclusive, evidence for the conclusion. Snow has never been observed in Aruba. So, it won’t snow there this winter. - possible to snow there, but improbable - probability – not possibility
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