Sept 14 th
- argument: provides reasoning for thinking something is true
o are neither true or false
ex. a number is blue…
- statements are true or false, arguments simply consist of statements
- the difference has to do with the degree of support the premises are supposed to provide for the
In a deductive argument, the premises are offered as conclusive evidence for the conclusion.
Jamaica is in the Caribbean, and it never snows anywhere in the Caribbean. Therefore, it doesn’t
snow in Jamaica.
- arguments are absolute as opposed to probable
In inductive reasoning, the premises are supposed to provide strong, though not necessarily conclusive,
evidence for the conclusion.
Snow has never been observed in Aruba. So, it won’t snow there this winter.
- possible to snow there, but improbable
- probability – not possibility