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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 %28March 8%29.doc

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Political Science
Peter Loewen

Thursday March0812 POL111 Lecture 8 Canada in a Comparative PerspectiveElections and Electoral Systems Classifying Democracieso How they hold elections and how elections worko Electoral systems are different from systems of government Electoral systems are what determine who goes to get into government o They are a collection of laws that set the game between politicians and voters or parties and candidateso They are rules that determine the types of choices the voter makes the types of candidates that are elected and say something about the values of the countries in terms of what is important in its elections Why does it mattero More countries are becoming democratic around the worldo Its about three times more and elections are booming as wellAre elections simpleo it is a period of time in which politicians stand before people and make arguments as to why they should have their supporto And on election day the voters respond by casting ballots to show their support for particular parties or candidates o The votes are counted and seats in the legislaturepower are distributedo this applies to Canada with major parties at the federal level have massive campaigns and on election day eligible citizens vote the votes are counted and the candidates are sent to the parliament Are elections simpleo The electoral system can be seen as an exchange rate between votes and seats ex when you want to exchange Canadian dollars to euro for each dollar you get some amount of money back that equals to that value o When you hand over a certain number of votes how many seats does the party get 1
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