Class Notes (810,851)
Canada (494,329)
POL111H5 (93)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 %28Jan 12%29.doc

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science
Peter Loewen

Thursday, January-12-12 POL111: Lecture 2 Canada in a Comparative Perspective The Origins of the Modern State (or a road map towards civility:  First writing assignment-check tomorrow, due on Jan 26 at 8am through the insight enhanced  First online assignment-tomorrow, available until next Thursday  Towton 25-War of the Roses-civil war, breakdown of the English governmenth o 15 c. what life was like before the modern state o People called to wars before their choosing, and death in massive scale o Our of the war resulted the proper modern English state  What is the State? o Its about an organization who are able to do violence within a certain territory  Common Factors  What is the state: o But is it a person? It does something, it rules an area through the use of force o Does it exist in a physical sense? o Do citizens? Can you be a citizen in the absence of a state  Violence and coercion of the state  The state produces violence. What does it mean for it to do this  Threat of Coercion o The health care system and universities are not violence producing. Social organizations do no legitimately produce violence o The purpose of the state is to produce and use violence o Life-they use their right to use force on citizens to organize public life. How doe it organize your behaviour = through laws and law enforcement, it makes laws about the behaviour we are allowed to be engaged it but it doesn’t tell us manners it tells us that you are limited to driving speeds, your not allowed to steal or murder o One of the ways it does this is through the use of force, it has sanctions that keeps us from doing things o We are not killed always but we are detained o If people try to take over the power of the state it can use police and military Thursday, January-12-12 o Threat-such as J walking, you ensure there is no police  State never…force:-there are other organizations that is a violence producing enterprise such as the mafia (to coerce people to behaviour), cults, terrorist groups, paramilitary group, it is not the only body that produces violence and on accusation we can use force to get out way ex. through financial or physical force. It is the principle producer of violence it has more power and to produce violence  Will-it can’t always perfectly enforce its will such as in driving speeds exceeding the limit  What happens when a state completely fails to stand up for its will  Failed state:-it can no longer impose its will in the geography ie. Sudan, Somalia, Afghanistan and part of Pakistan, Seorlion, Congo  Its not that they have no government, there is a government in these countries but they are unable to enforce their will in their entire geographic area, it has to control its citizens  ie. If the Taliban controls certain areas in Afghanistan are controlled  peoples lives are controlled and guided not by the rules of the state but by organizations  Life in a failed state? o Nasty…-Thomas Hobbes, when you live in a state that cant enforce its rules and will this occurs o In the absence of the threat of violence there is the potential of great violence since humans are envious  What does the modern state do? o How does a state do this? It makes it by making it costly for you to do violence against others  Game theory o Game theory is a mathematical representation of the interaction between two people o In some interaction the outcome depend on their choices and the choices the other people make o It describes the outcome based on their choices o Inside is the payoffs-the utility from each set of actions, a higher number suggests more utility, and they are inorder from the person on the left to the right and they say the payoff according to the actions o It doesn’t mean they like it that much times more  Strategy disrcibes what a player would do under every circumstance in the game Thursday, January-12-12  Remember the game involves on the interaction of the other players, you playoff is n
More Less

Related notes for POL111H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.