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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 %28March 29%29.doc

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science
Peter Loewen

Thursday, March-29-12 POL111: Lecture 11 Canada in a Comparative Perspective  3hrs long exam  It is 40 M/C and 7 short answer which you answer 5  it covers everything in the course  there is substantial material from the second half after the midterm  there are 15 short answer questions as given by the professor on his handout, and 7 of them appear on the exam and you answer 5  7: Most Democratic Province o PACL-do elections happen, are they contested such that we don’t know exactly who wins, you respect the results of elections, and change in power happens peacefully o Every province is democratic, free and fair elections, lots of transitions from power from one party to another and they are peaceful, so if we use PACL they would all be democratic o If we use Freedom House, we might get a different result in terms of extent of civil/political rights, inclusion of women etc. o PACL could get to the essence and core of democracy so it could be that all of them are equally democratic-there are different approaches to answering the question o State what your answer is, explain it and repeat it at the end  Question 8: o The PM might be becoming more powerful, but in terms of who the PM is responsible to, the electoral system and constitutional limits prevents him, even if he is becoming powerful think of all the changes we have to go through to transition to a presidential system which is long and difficult  Question 6: o For a coalition government to form you need a minority government o Majority is more common in Canada, what is about our elections that causes us to have large majorities for one party in the house of commons, the answer is that our electoral system is FTP/SMP, you get the most votes and you get the seats, it produces majorities because a party could keep a party could keep winning seats by small amounts but they could win a majority in the whole country 1 Thursday, March-29-12 o Coalition are uncommon because majority governments are common, so you don’t need a coalition o Why else is there a lack of coalition in Canada? = you get a cultural/historical norm of how the governments operate i.e. even if we get a minority they don’t try to form a coalition o They are also unlikely in Britain where we took our parliamentary system  Question 14: Explain the theoretical difference between the two and use examples from Canada o Its historically basis or origin is from the industrial revolution, people moved to the cities and their social patterns changed, they became more liberalized and open to change while those in rural areas remained conservative o During the industrial revolution people move in cities they engage in different types of work, they didn’t work on family farms anymore, instead they engaged in factory work or in some kind of trade you interact with a lot more people and your values change, the things you want from government change, these are in opposition to what the people in rural areas wanted, creating a cleavage. o There is also a difference in economic interest, people in the cities want a government that supports a manufacturing class or trades while people in the rural areas want a government that would support rural industry i.e. Farming and agriculture o Ex. agriculture in Canada is aided by price supports where farmers are given massive subsidies that keep them in business (everyone who buys milk, butter, or any dairy/meat product pay for these subsidies), if the government tries to solve that by changing regulations that make food products cheaper for consumers, those who live in the city will dis
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