Politics week 4 lecture notes
THE COLD WAR
- Ideological – confrontation of 2 different ideologies... communism vs capitalism/liberalism
- Geopolitics – soviet union and capitalists and their allies and where they wer located and how
that affected it, soviet union had the heartland, and that might take over the world. But that
was rivalled by control of the oceans... the west owned the oceans
- Strategic dimension – deterrence.. arms race between NATO and Warsaw Pact... nuclear arms
race. MAD – mututally assured destruction (they can destroy each other if they attacked each
- International dimension – great powers and alliances and how alliances can shift. Concert of
Europe – the alliances kept people from attacking each other in 19 century. Cold war
reintroduced the bipolar alliance system since WWI and WWII – US VS SOVIET RUSSIA. Countries
had to choose 1 of the sides to assure their own security. NATO VS. WARSAW PACT TREATY. Alot
of smaller countries joined asweel, not just strong ones. Several states didn’t join neither side.,.
made the Non-Aligned Movement. (india – didn’t wanna join Britain or Russian, iran, Egypt,
Indonesia) from the western side, and soviets thought non-aligned movement was
unacceptable. Iran was overthrown... by backing of the CIA. Egypt got a new leader who sided
with US. Indonesia leader was overthrown by backing of CIA. India leaned more towards soviets
because Pakistan (mortal enemy) was backed by USA... so india got military support from
There wer lots of proxy wars, where countries aligned with 1 side fought countries aligned with
the other side. EX. Korean War... North Korea (soviets) vs south korea (US), Vietnam War.
Africa – the colonies in Africa wanted to become independent.... and most of the groups
wanting independence wer backed by the soviets.
Angola (Africa) gained independce after the colonial govn of Portugal in 1976.. guerrillas
overthrew it (soviets). The Kalashnikov is on the flag now to a tribute to the soviet guerrillas. The
west decided to take down angola, through their economy.. they had oil. The western guerrillas
attacked the western oil company installations in the soviet controlled angola. Cuba came to
help, and sent soldiers.
Containment – meens the west will not eliminate the soviets, but just contain them in where
they already have influence. Domino theory.
In the 1960’s they started to stop the arms race to not destroy each other.
The US decided to bleed the soviets like what happened to the US in Vietnam...