Defining a state, in terms of different means
Population and members
Diplomatic status and recognition internationally
North Korea has a generally personalized dictatorship, through one hereditary
Kim Jong II
Policy of selfreliance and communistic
Charismatic and traditional leader
He was supposedly a promising leader, in the highest mountain
In terms of Max Weber’s definition, North Korea is a state of means.
Monopoly of legitimate authority
LegalRational ▯ Governor General and the Queen ▯ Prime Minister
Symbolic and traditional power is shown through the queen Politics as a Vocation 01/15/2013
Politics as a Vocation “What someone is specifically drawn to, or politically qualified
for, in terms of a duty to be fulfilled.”
Not defined by an ends, rather by means.
Ends – what you are generally wanting, without compromises, and very straightforward.
Means – one of the many paths, in order to reach your goal, with obstacles in the way.
Every political entity involved in creating a state
“Founded on the use of physical force” – Trotsky at BrestLitovsk
Without violence, no social institution would exist.
State is given the sole right to use violence
State is a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use
of physical force within a territory.
Ability of a state to enforce its ends, through means or a set process.
Shown through resources and a set of abilities
One supreme rule, since there is no other competition of authority within the state.
Narrow to the fact that is doesn’t include civil force, between individuals
Politics – “striving to share power or influence the distribution of power, either among
states, or groups within a state.”
Political decisions are regarded in terms of the interests in distribution, maintenance, or transfer or power
based on a certain activity.
Serving other aims, ideal or egoistic.
Power is distinct based off of governing systems Politics as a Vocation 01/15/2013
Capitalistic systems – lower power than communist or dictatorship
Authority – based off of a dominating figurehead. They are very great significance for the structure of
The following the most pure types of rule:
Personal devotion, confidence, heroism, and qualities of leadership for hope.
Elected war lord, the plebiscitarian ruler, the great demagogue, or the political party leader.
Mediterranean culture, Occident
Condotierre – gang leader
Validity of legal statute and functional ‘competence’ based off of rules
Servant of the state
Organized Domination: Charismatic Leader
Continuous administration Politics as a Vocation 01/15/2013
There is a greater level of respect and tolerance, however there is control on primarily every level of
Results in rewards of material and social honor.
Capitalistic enterprises are separated on the means of production
Administrations are ruled by a power holder who administers their routine
Money, building, war material, vehicles etc.
Estates – Political associations in which, administrations are solely controlled, and ruled with aristocracy.
Bureaucratic state order is crucial for development for a modern state.
In a capitalist system no single bearer owns anything, everything is granted in
terms of a loan, and it makes a state economically efficient.
Revolution of Germany 1918 –
With statutory authorities control over political staff and the apparatus of material goods and the will of the
governed has been granted. New Deal – Article 01/15/2013
Sunshine Policy – since the imposition of the policy, the south ceased its propaganda
broadcasts across the border.
The United States doesn’t have a policy toward the North, due to hardline nuclear
The United States is reluctant in defeating Kim Jong’s regime, however risks of war and proliferation exist.
Also the gruesome regime plays a factor in not creating a policy.
Steps to decease the nuclear efforts:
1. Diplomatic pressure to contain the North’s nuclear ambition
2. Resolve to discourage efforts by Seoul and Beijing to provide and economic lifeline to Kim
3. Avoid Pyongyang to incite war
Inciting plutonium at Yongbyon reactor.
Human Rights Issue –
1990’s, North suffered from a famine, that killed 2 million people.
Could’ve been avoided if foreign donors of food were allowed
Corruption is measured through elites and military who during the famine were
fed, rather than citizens.
Prison and labor camps
Inmates are starved and executed.
Evidence has been released by US committee for Human Rights, through satellite
images. New Deal – Article 01/15/2013
Weber’s Definition –
Foreign aid will strengthen Kim’s hold on power by giving him the resources he needs—
food, fuel, money—to retain the loyalty of his political and military elites.
Several billions have been invested in North Koran by the US, South Korea and
Dove’s Argument –
Only through engagement can North Korea be prevented from continuing its nuclear
program, and exporting knowledge or bombs to terrorist groups.
CIA estimates suggest there is enough plutonium for 2 bombs.
North Korea’s Activity –
Missile technology to Pakistan, in exchange for nuclear weapons knowledge
1999, agreed to provide missiles to Iraq in violation of UN sanctions.
The US has failed to buy Kim’s nuclear program before.
Agreed Framework –
Under which North Korea would freeze its weapons program, in exchange for fuel oil, and two light water
reactors, which would run on plutonium, and cannot be reprocessed into weaponsgrade material.
Agreement between South Korea, Japan and North. New Deal – Article 01/15/2013
Despite the agreement it continued its uraniumrich program.
Having nuclear technology allows North Korea to be protected from US invasions,
due to a threat.
Nonetheless, like shown in Iraq, only a regime change would eradicate the