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POL114H5 (157)
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Human Rights

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science

November 11, 2010 Human Rights Government protect rights Sovereignty no higher authority No emphasis on human rights or to enforce human rights changed WWII Enormous impact of WWII civilians Holocaust involved initially trimming Jewish population of citizenship and their rights Jewish not only victims of Holocaust Ethnic Cleansing Unacceptable laws were passed to hold those who are accountable Universal in application not viewed in those who lost the war Cant hold someone responsible that wasnt a law while they were doing the actions Certain aspects of war were large extent exempted Justice in war discrimination require that all efforts be made to distinguish civilians and combatants VIOLATED Germany violated aerial bombing; also Japanese in China NOT included in Nuremburg Laws crimes against humanity Allies used air power and massive bombing destroyed large numbers of cities, (cant try Germany for what they have done similarly) therefore, crimes were exempted International Court of Justice Rwandan Genocide killings of Tutsis and moderate Hutus no means in holding them accountable in accepted international forum o Court specifically designed International court of justice (ICC) permanent court located in Netherlands & prupose of holding individuals to account for human rights violations (not just war crimes) o Deal with war crimes (refer to crimes that were committed in contradiction in laws of war) o Crimes against humanity (murder)
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