Politics Basics Background that you need to now for this course Notes.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL208Y5
Professor
Spyridon Kotsovilis
Semester
Fall

Description
Liberalism 01/04/2014 Address the problem of achieving lasting peace and cooperation in international relations Democratic peace theory – effect of domestic politics on international relations Commercial peace theory –  YouTube – Theory in Action: Liberalism  Realists believe that states are the most important actors   Liberalists think that states are important, some more than others, but that there are other important  actors such as businesses, churches, social and religious movements, organizations, corporations  They believe that there are many opportunities to pursue goals that are beneficial to both  While realists think that everything involves conflict, their opponents believe to be able to find a solution  to 99% of the cases of war or conflict  UN and EU are good examples of liberal institutions that are successful, especially the European Union  is very powerful and was able to make economic and immigration policy Liberalism: Interdependence Meaning: mutual dependence and connection of states & non­states 1. States are not the only actors a. MNCs (Multi­National­Corporations) b. NGOs (Non­Governmental­Organizations) c. Institutions (EU, UN, United Coffee org.) 2. Interconnected a. Trade b. Finance c. Travel d. Communications Connections growing, but not all symmetrical (equal)   States are benefiting from closer ties • Promote int’l cooperation • More peaceful + prosperous • Force for positive change Realists: Interdependence  its not an interdependent world at all  Cooperation is difficult Marxist and Dependency Theorists:  Interdependence is all about dominance, exploitation and control Realism 01/04/2014 driven by competitive self­interest Common Assumption: 1. int’l system ­> anarchic 2. states ­> most important actors 3. all states within a system ­> unitary, rational actors (self­interest, relative gain) 4. primary concern of all states ­> survival (security dilemma) Realist Belief: Thomas Hobbes Self­reliant, seek more power, fearful, self­centered, competitive Opposite of liberalism State: 1. gain power – ensure security in anarchic world power = material resources – to fight & win wars accomplish sth. in national interest / avoid sth unfavorable in national interest 2. state = most important actor  b/c unitary
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