May 10 th
Fifty key thinkers in international relations
Caul von Clausewitz (1781- 1831)
War is ugly and brutal.
Amoral – ignore morality and ethics. Ex.You must always finish your enemy when u
have the chance
Ethics and morality do not play a role in extosential war—the survival of a society
BUT if it is a limited war (minor conflicts) there should be ethics and morale
Hans J. Morgenthau (1904-1980)
Wrote the books “politics amongst nations”
the most known and popular modern realist
states the major assumptions of the realists
1. the science of politics
Modern realists assume politics is a science because it is based on laws that are
unchanging (Universal loaws of politics—the understanding of human nature)
Note. Hans is pessimistic about human nature
2. the nations state(the principle actor)
The state is the most important because it controls the principle instruments of violence.
Ex the military, bombs nuclear weapons
3. Unitary Rational Actor
A united voice
Raison de tat
4. The international system is anarchic
This means that the international system has no meaningful higher authority to regulate it.