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ENV/POL250 LECTURE #4.docx

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Political Science
Andrea Olive

ENV250 LECTURE #4 01/10/2013 2:12:00 PM IPCC (intergovernmental panel on climate change) Report Findings: Climate change is man-made (95%) Weather will get more extreme It will take centuries to fix Endorsed a “carbon budget” – an upper limit on amount of CO2 that can be emitted from industrial activities and forest destruction Only about 1 trillion tons of carbon can be burned Just over half that amount has already been emitted (at current rates of energy consumption the trillionth ton will be released around 2040) More than 3 trillion tons of carbon are still left in the ground as fossil fuels Environmental justice: Type of social justice concerned with equity and fairness in environmental management Official definition: the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies Types of inequity/injustice (on midterm) Social inequity – waste facilities/industries are located in low-income and/or racial minority areas Spatial inequity – waste facilities/industry are located in communities without ties to the production or benefit of the industry Cumulative inequity – facilities/industry are located in communities that are overburden with too many dumps or too much pollution Intergenerational inequity – policies that transfer problem to future generations Procedural inequity – policies that give preference to industry over community interests Questions about env justice: who bears the burden of pollution? Who reaps the benefits of industry? Should the same people bear both benefits and burdens? What is fair? TAR SANDS: what kinds of inequity exist? Social: are the tar sands located in low-income/racial minority areas? NO, but lower class/racial minority groups live in worst conditions Spatial: are the tar sands located in communities without ties to the production or benefit of the industry? YES, immigrant workers
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