Special Court last lecture nov 29.docx

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Political Science
Justin Bumgardner

Special CourtThe Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up jointly by the government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations in 2002 through UN Security Council Resolution 1315 It is mandated to try those who bear the greatest responsibility for serious violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996 The Special Court has two trial chambers and an Appeals Chamber Each trial chamber comprises three judges two of whom are appointed by the UN SecretaryGeneral and the other by the government of Sierra Leone The Appeals Chamber comprises ve judges three of whom are appointed by the SecretaryGeneral and other two by the government of Sierra Leone Two of the four cases tried before the Special Court are at the time of writing fully completed namely the AFRC Armed Forces Revolutionary Council and the CDF Civil Defence Forces cases The RUF and AFRC rebel groups fought against the government and a governmentbacked militia group the CDF which supported the Sierra Leonean Army The civilian population was targeted by all the ghting factions The RUF the rebel group that started the war in 1991 used civilians throughout the conict as a workforce thousands of civilians were captured abducted and held as slaves used as forced labour mainly for diamond mining but also for other tasks such as farming and carrying looted goods weaponry and ammunition Civilians were systematically mutilated the severing of limbs was widely used as a tool of terror and control as well as as a symbolic message to those who voted for the government of former president Kabbah Thousands of civilians were killed in targeted attacks women children and elderly people alike whole families locked in houses which were then set on re The civilian p
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