Pirates then and now oct 11.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Political Science
Justin Bumgardner

Pirates then and now how piracy was defeated in the past and can be again Boot Max Piracy off the coast of East Africa is growing at an alarming rate with 41 ships attacked in 2007122 in 2008 and 102 as of midMay 2009 The more highprofile captures include a Saudi supertanker full of oil and a Ukrainian freighter loaded with tanks and other weapons An estimated 19 ships and more than 300 crew members are still being held by pirates who are awaiting ransom payments from ship owners or insurers Such fees have been estimated to total more than 100 million in recent years making piracy one of the most lucrative industries and pirates one of the biggest employers in Somalia a country with a per capita ODP of 600Rooting out pirates meant risking not only an international incident but also fullscale war In its early days of independence the United States paid large tributes to the Barbary States in exchange for the safe passage of its ships Under a treaty signed in 1795 Algiers alone received more than 1 million in goods and cash or onesixth of the US federal budget at the time But the Barbary States were never satisfied Eventually US President Thomas Jefferson decided that nothing will stop the eternal increase of demands from these pirates but the presence of an armed force So in 1801 he sent a US naval squadron to the Mediterranean to wage war on TripoliOver the next four years the US Navy and the Marine Corps blockaded and bombarded Tripoli engaged in numerous battles with Tripolitan ships and even undertook an unsuccessful campaign to overthrow Tripolis ruler and install a more proAmerican regime The worst disaster of the Barbary Wars was the capture of the USS Philadelphia in 1803 its luckless captain was William Bainbridge the namesake of the US Navy destroyer that recently rescued t
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