Class Notes (836,381)
Canada (509,762)
POL354Y5 (11)
Schwartz (11)
Lecture

LOCAL POLITICS

5 Pages
122 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POL354Y5
Professor
Schwartz
Semester
Fall

Description
LOCAL POLITICS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Criteria for Democratization  School of democracy & training ground for high level politicians;  Close to population;  Provide public goods that reflect local preferences;  Ensure higher levels of government express plurality of local views;  Local governments must have: o Autonomy; o Free & fair elections; o Clear mandates; o Budget to provide services; o Legislative & executive bodies to make choices; o Administrative structure to deliver services. Legacy: Russian Empire  Zemstvo (1864 rural local elected assemblies);  Duma (1870 local city governments).  Limits: o Created & controlled from above; o Dominance of conservative local nobility in elections; Soviet Union  Local governments (soviets)  Limits: o unity of state (vertical hierarchy); o dual subordination (party); o absence of real elections; o limited decision-making power; o budgets externally controlled. Transition Gorbachev: (July 1991 Law)  Free & competitive elections;  Political parties;  Remove central state & party control;  Mandates defined. Eltsin:  1993 Decrees: o Unilaterally dissolves local soviets; o Gives regional governments power over local governments;  1993 Constitution: o Recognition of distinction between ‘organs of state power’ & ‘local self-government’; o Democratic & participatory elements of self-government; o Autonomy; o Guarantees of funding for delegated mandates.  1995 Law on Local Self-Government: o Autonomous & separate from ‘state structure’; o Powers defined.  Practice under Eltsin: o Recentralization & reincorporation into the ‘state system’, largely as a result of powerful regional governors exerting pressures & the financial dependence of local governments on regional governments. o Major variations in structures, functions, and powers of local governments. Law not implemented in 18 regions & only
More Less

Related notes for POL354Y5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit