Class Notes (838,449)
Canada (510,888)
POL354Y5 (11)
Schwartz (11)
Lecture

CIVIL SOCIETY

9 Pages
115 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POL354Y5
Professor
Schwartz
Semester
Fall

Description
FEATURES OF CIVIL SOCIETY Realm of organized social life that is voluntary, self-generating, (largely) self-supporting, autonomous from the state, & bound by a legal order or set of shared rules. Involves citizens acting collectively in public sphere to express interests, passions, & ideas, exchange information, achieve mutual goals, make demands on state, & hold state officials accountable. Intermediary standing between private sphere & state. Restricts state power-- but legitimizes state authority when that authority is based on rule of law. ORGANIZATIONS CONSTITUTING CIVIL SOCIETY Economic (productive & commercial associations & n etworks); Cultural (religious, ethnic, communal, etc); Informational & educational (produce & disseminate public knowledge, ideas, news, information); Interest-based (advance or defend common interests of such members as workers, veterans, pensioners, professionals, etc); Developmental (combine individual resources to improve infrastructure, institutions, &quality of life of community); Issue-oriented (movements for environmental protection, women’s & minority rights, land reform, etc); Civic (nonpartisan improvement of polity through human rights monitoring, voter education & mobilization, anticorruption efforts, etc). ORGANIZATIONS OF CIVIL SOCIETY ARE DISTINGUISHED BY: 1. Concern with public ends. 2. Relation to state in seeking concessions, benefits, policy changes, relief, redress, accountability. 3. Encompassing pluralism & diversity. Do not seek to monopolize a functional or pol space in society, or claim to represent only legitimate path. 4. Partial, i.e., do not seek or claim to represent the whole of a person’s or community’s interests. 5. Do not seek direct political power (parties). FUNCTIONS OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN TRANSITIONAL & CONSOLIDATING DEMOCRACIES 1. Provide basis for limitation of state power, i.e., control of state by society by mobilizing civil society to expose abuses: a. Monitor & restrain exercise of power by state; b. Democratize authoritarian states. 2. Supplement role of parties in stimulating political participation, increasing efficacy & skill of citizens, promoting appreciation of obligations & rights of citizens. 3. Arena for development of other democratic attributes: tolerance, moderation, compromise, respect for opposing viewpoints. 4. Create channels other than parties for articulation, aggregation, & representation of interests, esp among minorities such as women, racial & ethnic groups. 5. Generate wide range of interests that cross-cut & mitigate principal polarities of conflict. 6. Recruiting & training political leaders. Learn such political skills as organization, mobilization, debating, fund raising, budget formation, agreement negotiation, coalition building. 7. Support democracy through nonpartisan election monitoring, support of judicial & legal reform, prison reform, etc. 8. Disseminate information aiding citizens in collective pursuit & defense of interests & values. 9. Disseminate new ideas & information. 10. Give citizens respect for the state & positive engagement with it, thus enhancing the state’s legitimacy. FEATURES OF A DEMOCRATIC CIVIL SOCIETY 1. Goals & methods of groups do not contain maximalist, uncompromising, antidemocratic components. 2. Interests
More Less

Related notes for POL354Y5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit