Class Notes (837,178)
Canada (510,153)
POL354Y5 (11)
Schwartz (11)
Lecture

ORGANIZED CRIME

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL354Y5
Professor
Schwartz
Semester
Fall

Description
ORGANIZED CRIME Soviet Origins • Black (& other) markets – parallel second economy; • Ethnically / territorially based economic organizations (within party & state); • Cheka  KGB (unlimited power, monopoly on violence against citizens, massive economic empire); • Extensive corruption within state system; • Extensive use of informal channels (blat) that involved payoffs, bribes, access, complicity; • Illegal private enterprises (legal & illegal goods); • Informal control over police, courts, investigative agencies; • Existence of extensive criminal culture / underworld which began in prisons & extended into society. Organized crime in Russia not a new phenomenon. Origins in Soviet Union. Adapted to new conditions of transition. Transitional Conditions • Weak state; • State subverted from within; • No rule of law; • Lack of legal culture; • Social / economic breakdown; • Absence of civil society; • Creation of sharp division between wealthy & poor. Categories of Organized Crime: Penetrates
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