1) Empowered public sphere
2) Displacement of traditional political organizations by digitally self-organized groups
3) Digital direct democracy
4) Truth-based advocacy
5) Constituent mobilization
6) Social monitoring
1) Citizens -> traditional political org. -> lobby + elections -> politicians + public agencies ->
Public Sphere -> communication pressure -> politicians + public agencies
Public sphere, civil discourse
Social media communications massively expand public sphere.
Use to be dominante by elites, access to information. Information communication
technologies, decentralize communication of power. Expands accessibility to public sphere, cost
of communication less. Yet that doesn’t happen. Most people still use mass media as the
platform. Still a hierarchy to public discussion. Exposure, that conforms to world view.
Segments of public sphere,
2) Occupy Wall Str