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Lecture 11

PSY100Y5 Lecture 11: PSY100 Personality Lecture
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, Winter 2017
7 pages35 viewsWinter

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Lecture
11

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PSY100 Personality Lecture
Personality research
personality refers to enduring patterns of thought, feeling, motivation,
and behavior that are expressed in different circumstances
our behavior and who we are and turn out to be depends on our
predisposition and our exposure to the world and out experience
the aim of personality research is to
o construct general theories of
o assess individual differences in personality
o personality look at extreme behaviour such as personality
disorders where the person is inflexible and rigid that there are
general differences in our behaviour that we can adjust according
to our environment
Psychodynamic views of personality
Freud invoked a role of unconscious processes in the control of behaviour
- based on his observation of clients
topographical model: argued for 3 levels of conscious
- conflict occurs between the different aspect of consciousness
- conscious: what you’re thinking about now
- preconscious: what is available but you’re not thinking about it
- unconscious: stays out of our awareness and consists of our deepest
darkest wishes, traumatic events, emotions, fears, memories, animal
instincts
- requires compromise formation:
- all people started off as wild savages and needed to be properly
socialized
- id threatens the ego with anxiety and that makes the anxiety go away
by suing a distraction
- e.g id says I want a cookie and the ego says ok, the ego wants to satisfy
the ID so the ID does not bring unconscious desires to the surface and
inflict anxiety
- super ego: embodiment of the laws, rules, norms, morals from the
community religion etc, based on morality
Freud’s developmental model
human behaviour is motivated by 2 drives
- aggressive
- sexual
o libido refers to pleasure-seeking sensuality as well as desire for
intercourse
libido follows a developmental course during childhood
- stages of development
- fixed progression of change from stage to stage
- notion for fixation at a particular libidinal stage
- when the libido is not dealt with properly it will lead to a fixation
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Freuds psychosexual stages at each age, there is a stage and thing that you
have to satisfy so it wont result in a fixation
1. Oral (0-18mos)
- oral zone of pleasure and understanding
- conflict: dependence
- too much oral gratification: e.g being given the soother too much and
it will be expressed in life as it has been over gratified
- too little oral gratification orally retentive personality in future, a
behavior that regresses back to this stage and helps to retrieve the
trapped libidinal energy, we dont get enough stimulation of the
erogenous zone at that stage so at the adult stage, they would always
put thing their mouths, keep talking, bite their nails, eat a lot
2. Anal (2-3 yrs)
- important first mile stone of a human being, are you competent
enough to take care of your excretion or are you useless
- conflict: orderliness, cleanliness
- interaction between parents and child: if you try to toilet train your
child early and critically, this gives the child shame and doubt about
themselves, to think that they aren’t competent enough to take care of
themselves
- at that stage, the child should not be worrying about that
- but If you wait too long and the child is reaching 4 still wearing
diapers then they are lacking social graces,
- a child that is under stimulated at this age becomes anally r`1etentive,
someone that is exceedingly neat and organized and requires things to
be ordered and
- anally expressive: becomes someone that is lazy and procrastinates a
lot very sloppy and always late for things
3. Phallic (4-6 yrs)
- stimulation of the genitals for children becomes pleasurable
- conflict: parental identification, oedipal complex, penis envy,
castration complex
- young men have the oedipal complex, that have tremendous love for
their mothers that they want to marry their mother but they have to
get rid of their father
- that is an oedipal complex that has to be resolved orderly
- castration anxiety: if my dad finds out that I want to marry my mother
and kill him he will castrate me
- what we have to do to resolve this issue, you have to repress these
urges so that you never remember them again
- electra complex: when young women wants to marry their father and
kill their mother
- you may have penis envy as if you have a penis you’ll be a guy and be a
first class citizen where males get more power, to vote, to own
property to not be a property
- so also have to repress your urges, and Electra complex deep down so
you never think about it again and resolve the problem
4. Latency (7-11 yrs)
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