PSY100Y5 Lecture Notes - Flying Saucer, Stanford Prison Experiment, Groupthink

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
Social Psychology
Orson Welles- Martian invasion on radio
-War of The World broadcasted as radio show
-music and doom displaying interviews
-we trust what we hear
Social Psychology: how people influence others’ behaviours, beliefs, and attitudes
-understand how social influence (hearing someone you trust replaying info)
-authority gets un-judged because they “must know what they’re talking about”
Groups why we gravitate towards a social sense of being with others
Need to belong theory: innate assumption of being a part of social group [Interpersonal connection-
between people]
-Survivor: there is someone who gets voted out the group, participants get voted out from the group;
the group no longer wants them
-physical pain brain areas activated during those moments (ie. The sigulet cortex- above the porpus
collosa; gets activated when in physical painrejection from group= physical pain- need to belong)
Evolutionary perspective- having authority in group is beneficial; to conform/obey serves us well
The Presence of Others
Social facilitation/disruption: (ie. Bicycling peoplehaving people around you facilitates that activity, get
adredaline running in competition; people start clapping= keep the adrenaline pumping
ie. Golf tournament- people clapping loud= social disturbance
ie. Crucial free-throw; people on the other side increase clapping/noise= why? They want social
-mostly in competition
Attributions: Assigning Cause to Behaviour
Fundamental Attribution Error- tendency to overestimate the impact of someone’s
personality/attitude/intelligence on why they behave the way they do as appose to looking at their
situational influences
-overestimate the impact of someone’s dispositional influences on other people’s behaviour
-we don’t know how we are going to behave in certain situations
-Moral dilemma: based on attitude or the situation?
Situational: friend robs a candy, you do to; doesn’t mean you’re always bad
Social Comparision
Social Comparison Theory- evaluate our beliefs , attitudes, and abilities by comparing ourselves to
-we want to figure out if they’re doing well, should I do that too?
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