PSY230H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, Silent Film

14 views6 pages
Published on 25 Sep 2016
School
Department
Course
Chapter 5: Measurement I
Self-Report
Assumes that people are able to report their personality accurately
(requires self-knowledge)
Assumes that people are willing to report their personality accurately
(problem of social desirable theory)
Cannot be used with individuals and in situations that do not meet
these assumptions
oChildren below a certain age
oInmates during parole evaluation
oQuestions about sensitive issues
Informant-Reports
Assume that informants are able and willing to provide accurate
information
Informants may have limited knowledge about the same personality
traits (characteristics), especially those about internal states (thoughts
and feelings)
Informants may be motivated to lie
Self-Informant Agreement
Many studies have examined the correlation between self-reports and
informant-reports
Self-informant agreement is important to validate personality
measures
These studies can also be used to determine the information that
people use to rate their own and other's personality
Accuracy of First Impressions
Targets: 100 adults were videotaped while entering a room, sitting
down, and reading a standard text. The participants then provided self-
reports of their personality
Raters: 24 strangers who had never seen the targets before were
assigned to 4 conditions then rated personality and various physical
attributes (cues)-
oSound-film
oSilent film
oStill photo
oAudiotape
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Personality Assessment
Rating on the Big 5 (OCEAN)
Big 5 are the most important dimensions in current personality
research
Brunswick's Lens Model
Invalid Cues
Cues that judges used, but that did not correlate with target's
personality
Openness + friendly expression
Unpleasant voice
Conscientiousness + stiff walking
Agreeableness + extensive smiling
Unpleasant voice
Neuroticism + unpleasant voice
+ hectic speaking
Self-assured expression
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.