PSY230H5 Lecture : Life outcomes/well-being

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Psychologists have studied personality traits and tried to determine whether these traits have an effect on life stories and life outcomes: relationships and marriage: Watson did a study in which he used 300 married couples who completed self and spouse reports to measure the big five personality factors. Positive correlation means they are similar, negative correlation means if one is high, the other is low. The husband and wives personalities were basically uncorrelated. The only trait that had slight negative correlation was extraversion, at -0. 15. Watson"s other half of the study asked spouses about marital satisfaction, sexual satisfaction, and marital conflict. The spouses were to rate these factors without knowing how their spouse responded. He analysed the correlations between personality traits and marital satisfaction. Some people have traits that will find a happy marriage unsatisfying, or vice versa. Some people have traits within them that elicit negative or positive behaviours from their spouse.

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